Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. The tall palm eventually grows up to 66 ft. (20 m) high—making it too tall for most residential Florida garden landscapes. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. How to hand pollinate a date palm. This species is native to the Canary Islands, a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Spain near the African continent. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Share on Pinterest. From shop Viewlake. Plant the trees in spring or fall for best results. There are varieties with some cold tolerance, but they rarely bear fruit. They have long been a staple food and source of wealth in the deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Select a location with full sun where soils are well draining. It belongs to the palm family. The Canary Island date palm is a popular sun-loving palm tree for the south coast. Florida has many palm trees too, but the dates grow during the rainy season and generally get moldy and rot before they can mature. Palm fruit varies from tree to tree. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Most date palm production in the U.S. is in southern California and Arizona. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. Once trees are established, you will rarely need to water them. The fruit is an ancient cultivated food that has importance in Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and other tropical to subtropical areas. Growing this tree in Zone 8 requires a sheltered location to prevent it from being damaged by freezing weather. These roots remain thin as they increase in length. Date palm offsets will not be mature and ready to produce fruit for up to 12 years. 5 out of 5 stars (548) 548 reviews $ 14.95. Pygmy Date Palm Information. … You may also need to stake them for straight date palm growing. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. … First, its very important that you choose the right palm tree that can survive in your climate. Although the Sylvester palm is native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, it also thrives in United States Department of Agriculture growing zones 8 through 11. The large trees need room to grow and spread out the adventitious surface roots that anchor the plant and help it gather surface water. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. Pygmy Date Palms, aka PHOENIX Roebelenii is a slow growing DWARF palm that only grows to 10-12 ft at a rate of 2-3″ year. In areas where production is possible, thin fruit by one-half. Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) Phoenix sylvestris or Indian date palm tree is from the palm family, … Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Ty Ty Nursery can ship mature palm trees to your front door by motor transport truck. It needs room for growth and should not be planted too closely to a structure or home. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Named after the Phoenix of mythology because of its FEATHERY frond Roebelenii palms are among the most popular in this area even though they are often burned back by our winters if they are not somewhat protected primarily from the wind.Please contact us with all … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In fact, some of these by-products equaled or are more important than the date fruits itself. South Coast Wholesale (SCW) has over 10,000 Date Palm Trees available for sale. In warmer climes, the P. reclinata, or wild date palm, is a common landscape plant that grows to a mature size of about 20 feet. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. For example, the roots of Palm tree species like Royal, Bismarck, Bailey, and Canary Island date palms, grow up to 50 feet away from the trunk. Looking like a more compact, silvery version of the Canary Island date palm, the sylvester is a good choice for homeowners who like the looks of the Canary but don't have the room.. One of our prettiest cold hardy palms, it produces an edible fruit (said to be sweet) and the sap from flower stalks is used to make an alcoholic drink in the palm's native India (hence the common name "Toddy Palm"). Offsets are divided away from the parent plant and started in a prepared bed or pot of sand mixed with some topsoil. Phoenix Palm: A genus of palm tree that can grow up to 75 feet. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Dates have an excellent nutrition profile. Common name: True/Edible Date Palm. Date palm, tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Most commercial orchards consist of female trees only. If you know the type of palm tree you want to know the age of, then you can find information on its lifespan and growth rates to determine its approximate age. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Dig the hole twice as deep and wide as the actual root base to loosen the soil. Very Nutritious. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Palms produce low growths off the trunk base called offsets, or pups, Plant Propagation: Tips For Propagating Adventitious Roots, Transplanting Palm Pups - Propagate Palm Trees With Pups, Pygmy Date Palm Information: How To Grow Pygmy Date Palm Trees, Flea Market Gardening: How To Turn Junk Into Garden Décor, Flower Gardening Basics: Tips For Flower Gardening Success, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Achimenes Care: How To Grow Achimenes Magic Flowers, Blue Mistflowers – How To Grow A Mistflower Plant, What Is Mullein: Learn About Growing Mullein Uses And Disadvantages, Year Round Garden Planner: How To Create A Four Season Garden, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. You will need a male and female tree for fruit production. The tree is tolerant of drought but needs plenty of water when flowering and fruiting. Take care when planting date palms to choose a location with plenty of space both vertically and horizontally. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The date palm tree is a tall and evergreen tree that has no branches. Sign up for our newsletter. Date palm, which is grown by home gardeners primarily for its decorative fronds (not its fruit), is cultivated as a landscape tree in Zones 9 to 11 in the United States. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. Date palms can grow in sand, loam or even clay soil. This increases the size of fruit and ensures a crop the next year. Determining the age of a palm tree can be quite difficult since a palm tree doesn't have the ring structure that is used to date most other tree types. Although the mention of "palm trees" conjures up an image of bright, … Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur'an. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. The date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. $200-250 each - $35 for 7 gallon - $70 for 15 gallon - $100 for 18 inches - $200 for 24 inches: Pindo Growing Shade-Loving Palms. Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera. The scientific name for the date palm tree is Phoenix dactylifera. Happily low-maintenance, a pygmy palm should be planted with top soil as a soil amendment, and fertilized with granular palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights. There are many good reasons why Date Palms are found at most upscale resorts and shopping centers...they look absolutely fantastic, they're extremely hardy to cold, heat and drought and they provide a cool umbrella of shade. We also have some date palm fields in Bard California. Pygmy date palms are said to be deer-resistant, but we make no promises. Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. $100 per foot of trunk. We always dig our date palm trees fresh from the fields. It has other uses as well in the commercial and industrial sectors. This spectacular palm is often used throughout luxury homes, renowned golf courses or for avenue planting. Offsets need the same good date palm tree care as an adult. The plant can grow in a pot for a few years but should be planted in a bed outdoors for best results. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Date palms are common in warm zones of the United States. Palms produce low growths off the trunk base called offsets, or pups. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. 3.1 Uses from Date Palm Tree. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. Date palm tree is primarily planted for its fruits. Family: Arecaceae . Date palms prefer dry soil and excess moisture can inhibit growth. Mature Date Palm trees will provide fresh dates to you, and that tropical look will give an evergreen flair throughout the year, if you order the cold hardy palm tree cultivars that are recommended on the Ty Ty Nursery website. Tie the ripening clusters to an adjacent branch for support and use netting to protect the fruit from birds. It is a favorite ornamental palm and planted worldwide. General Date Palm Information. Young trees do best with supplemental irrigation for several months until they are established. Description of the Date Palm Tree. Updates? Sylvester Wild Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) The Sylvester Date Palm is one of the most popular palm trees in the world. Click the photo for more details: Palms Tree / Price Sylvester Palm. Certified Disease Free! The date palm trees can be found growing in the Middle East, the Canary Islands, South Africa, India, and California. If youre thinking about planting it in the ground year round, you should make sure that you live in the areas that are highlighted green. All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. Pygmy date palms (Phoenix roebelenii) are slow-growing palms that are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Date palm offsets will not be mature and ready to produce fruit for up to 12 years. Since they’re dried, their … Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. This is a true type of palm in the family Arecaceae and it doesn’t grow taller than 10 ft. (3 m). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. If you live in the areas highlighted blue, its best to plant your tree in a container, so you can bring it indoors during the winter months. Can Roots of the Palm Tree damage underground pipes? The fat palm tree has a rough straight bronze-colored trunk that has … Pygmy palm growing is relatively simple given suitable conditions, though pruning pygmy palm trees is sometimes necessary to keep its growth manageable, especially in smaller settings. Offsets need the same good date palm tree care as an adult. Fruit of the date palm was considered a staple food in the Judaean Desert, as it was a source of food and its tree of shelter and shade for thousands of years, and became a recognized symbol of the Kingdom of Judah. Cultivar choice and zone are important information when considering how to grow date trees. - $50 for 3 gallon: Pigmy Date Palm: Known as a "miniature date palm" or "Robellini," the pigmy palm matures at 12 feet. Take care when separating the offset to preserve the leafy green top and acquire some root. Date palms produce dates, while coconuts are also produced by palm trees. Press soil around the roots and water well to compact the soil around them. California is the major American producer. After planting date palms, you will need to follow good date palm tree care. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. Royal Palms. It grew around the Dead Sea in the south, to the Sea of Galilee and the Hula Valley regions in the north. Plant care. Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cloned date trees produce fruit about 4 years earlier, in just 4 to 6 years. The tree and its fruit caused Jericho to become a major population center and are praised in the Hebrew Bible possibly several times indirectly, such as in Psalms (Psalms 92:12-15), "The righteous hims… Use a root saw to divide the young plant from the parent. 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